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Nearly Half of High-Risk Patients Delay Follow-Up After Lung Cancer Screening

Annual lung cancer screenings are strongly encouraged for men and women in danger of developing lung cancer. But new research finds that among those who do get assessed, nearly half fail to seek prompt follow-up care when the CT scans pick up a potential problem.

The stats are troubling, said study author Dr. Matthew Triplette, who stressed "that the whole point of

  • Alan Mozes HealthDay Reporter
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  • May 18, 2022
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  • Gene Tests Could Spot 1 Million Americans at Risk of High Cholesterol

    A combination of genetic testing and health screenings could identify more than 1 million U.S. adults with an inherited risk for a cholesterol disorder that increases their risk for premature heart attack and death, according to a new study.

    About 1 in 250 Americans may have at least one gene for

  • By Robert Preidt HealthDay Reporter
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  • May 18, 2022
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  • Dogs Accurately Sniff Out COVID-19 at Airports

    Dogs' ultra-sensitive noses can detect illegal drugs and even cancer, and a new study suggests they may also be able to sniff out COVID-19 in airline passengers.

    Not only that, these trained canines can do so with an accuracy comparable to a PCR nose and throat swab test, the researchers noted.

    "Our preliminary observations suggest that dogs primed with one virus type can in a few h...

    Why Emphysema May Often Be Missed in Black Men

    Emphysema is missed more often in Black Americans than in white Americans, and now researchers report they have figured out why.

    The investigators found that many Black men who were considered to have normal results after race-specific interpretations of a common lung function test called spirometry actually had emphysem...

    Gallstones Can Warn of Pancreatic Cancer Risk

    A diagnosis of pancreatic cancer may feel like a death sentence because this fast-moving disease is often discovered at a later stage, when it's harder to treat.

    Now, a new study offers hope for earlier diagnosis, finding an association between recent

  • Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter
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  • May 13, 2022
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  • Nurses Key to Spotting Postpartum Depression in New Moms

    Nurses can be trained to detect postpartum depression in new mothers and could be crucial in spotting the condition early, researchers report.

    Postpartum depression affects about 15% of new moms and can cause persistent sadness, fatigue, feelings of hopelessness and wort...

    STDs May Be More Common Than Thought Among U.S. High School Kids

    Too few sexually active teens are getting tested for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), according to a new report by U.S. health officials.

    In all, just 20% of sexually active high school students said they were tested for an STD — now called sexually transmitted infections (STIs) — in the past year, according to researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention....

    Lung Cancer CT Scans Have Already Saved More Than 10,000 U.S. Lives

    More than 10,000 American lives have been saved since lung cancer screening was introduced for high-risk people who are over 55 and have a history of smoking, a new study shows.

    But many poor people and those in ethnic/racial minority groups are still missing out on the benefits of screening for the world's leading cause of cancer death, researchers noted.

    To assess the impacts of t...

    Fewer Breast Cancers May Be 'Overdiagnosed' by Mammograms Than Thought

    Screening mammograms can lead to overdiagnosis of breast cancer, but a new study finds it happens less often than experts have thought.

    Researchers estimated that about 15% of breast cancers caught through routine mammography screening are overdiagnoses -- meaning the tumors would never have caused h...

    Many Who Postponed Health Care During COVID Are Still Waiting

    In a sign that the pandemic continues to wreak havoc on routine health care, many of the nearly one-third of older Americans who had a medical procedure, primary care visit or dental appointment canceled or postponed due to COVID still haven't received that care, a new poll finds.

    "Whether they chose to postpone or their provider did, these patients missed opportunities for preventive car...

    More Destructive Variant of HIV Spotted in the Netherlands

    If the pandemic taught the world nothing else, it's that viruses can mutate, potentially giving rise to new and more harmful variants.

    Now, new research reveals that's exactly what has happened with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

    Called VB (for virulent subtype B), the "new" HIV variant actually seems to have emerged more than 30 ...

    Questions About COVID Home Tests?  A Pharmacy Expert Has Answers

    Those hard-to-find COVID-19 home tests are becoming more available, particularly with the U.S. government offering four free tests for every household.

    So far, roughly 60 million American households have ordered the free tests, according to the White House. But many folks still have a lot of basic questions about them, said Krist Azizian, chief pharmacy officer for Keck Medicine of the Un...

    Could a Pap Test Help Detect Breast, Ovarian Cancers, Too?

    Pap tests have long been used to detect cervical cancer early, but preliminary research suggests that cervical cells collected during those tests could also be used to catch other cancers, including deadly ovarian tumors.

    Researchers found that by analyzing a particular molecular "signature" in cervical...

    Shedding Pounds Might Help Stop Pre-Cancerous Colon Polyps

    Colon cancer rates are increasing for younger Americans, along with rates of obesity. Could slimming down reduce young people's risk for malignancy?

    A new study suggests that even a small amount of weight loss may cut your odds for benign growths in the colon known as adenomas, or polyps. Left unchecked, these growths can lead to

    Did Your Gene Screen Turn Up Dangerous DNA? Study Finds Real Risk Is Low

    Most gene variants that have been labeled "pathogenic" may make only a small difference in a person's risk of actually developing disease, a new study suggests.

    Scouring genetic data on more than 72,000 individuals,

    England to Lift Travel Restrictions for Vaccinated Visitors

    Coronavirus testing requirements for vaccinated people arriving in England will be scrapped, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced Monday.

    Details about the changes are to be provided later in the day by Transport Secretary Grant Shapps, the Associated Press reported.

    To "show that this country is open for business, open for travelers, you will see changes so that ...

    You Don't Have to Smoke to Get Lung Cancer

    Tobacco use is far and away the leading cause of lung cancer, but non-smokers are also at risk, experts say.

    People who smoke have the highest risk, and smokeless tobacco is also a threat. About 90% of lung cancer cases could be prevented by eliminating tobacco use, according to the World Health Organization...

    Colonoscopy Surprise Bills Should Be Thing of the Past, Experts Say

    Big surprise bills for any colonoscopy done after a positive result from a stool-based screening test will be prevented under new federal rules, a group of U.S. medical organizations say.

    On Jan. 10, the Biden administration issued guidance requiring private insurers to cover such colonoscopies.

    The guidance exp...

    White House Launches Website for Free Home COVID Tests One Day Ahead of Schedule

    It was slated to debut on Wednesday, but the federal government quietly launched its website for Americans to order free at-home COVID tests one day early.

    Go to COVIDTests.gov and you can quickly order four tests delivered to your home by the U.S. Postal Service. Only four tests will be given to a single residential address, and t...

    Here's How to Get Your Free Home COVID Test Kits

    Home COVID tests are now available at no cost to most Americans, as part of the Biden administration's effort to increase testing around the United States.

    Folks can buy home tests online or in stores and be

  • Dennis Thompson
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  • January 18, 2022
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  • At-Home COVID Tests Accurate for Ki​ds: Study

    Despite earlier concerns that at-home COVID-19 tests might be less accurate than PCR tests, new research in U.S. children and teens adds to evidence that the rapid tests are highly accurate.

    The scientists said the accuracy of the tests -- which can be used at home and in schools and provide quick results -- is similar to that of

    Baby's Feeding Troubles Tied to Later Developmental Delays

    Parents struggling with infant feeding issues may have another reason to persevere: New research ties feeding problems with an increased risk of developmental delays.

    For the study, the mothers of nearly 3,600 children were surveyed about feeding problems at 18, 24 and 30 months of age, such as gagging, crying during meals or pushing food away. The children were also screened for developm...

    Progress on Lung Cancer Drives Overall Decline in U.S. Cancer Deaths

    A new report offers hope on the lung cancer front: Patients are being diagnosed at an earlier stage in their disease and living longer due to better access to care, higher screening rates and improved treatments.

    And that is driving overall cancer rates down, researchers discovered.

    Still, lung cancer remai...

    Do Not Use At-Home COVID Test Swabs in the Throat: FDA

    Swabs that come with at-home rapid antigen COVID-19 tests should be used in the nose and not the throat, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns.

    It issued the warning on Twitter in response to reports that some people are using swabs intended for nasal samples to take samples from their throats a...

    You Can Help Prevent Cervical Cancer

    Cervical cancer is the only gynecologic cancer that can be prevented, yet there were more than 4,000 deaths in the United States in 2021 and nearly 14,500 new cases, the American Cancer Society says.

    The best way to prevent this is to make sure you and your children get their human papillomavirus vaccines, experts noted.

    Nearly all cervical cancer stems from HPV, which will first c...

    Could New Blood Test Predict Pregnancy Complications?

    A simple blood test may help spot pregnant women who are at risk for developing preeclampsia -- dangerously high blood pressure during pregnancy -- before it becomes a threat to both mother and child.

    Marked by a sudden spike in blood pressure, protein in urine or other problems during pregnancy, preeclampsia occurs in about 1 in 25 pregnancies in the United States, according to the lates...

    'Benign' Adrenal Gland Tumors Might Cause Harm to Millions

    Millions of people are at increased risk of type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure and don't even know it, due to a hidden hormone problem in their bodies.

    As many as 1 in 10 people have a non-cancerous tumor on one or both of their adrenal glands that could cause the gland to produce excess amounts of the stress hormone cortisol.

    Up to now, doctors have thought that these tumors h...

    Many Cancer Patients Face Mounting Bills Despite Having Insurance

    Many insured cancer patients still experience serious money problems linked to their illness, new research affirms.

    For example, nearly 3 out of 4 insured patients with colon cancer have major financial hardship in the year after their diagnosis, which affects their social functioning and quality of life, according to

  • Steven Reinberg HealthDay Reporter
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  • January 4, 2022
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  • Make 2022 Your Year for a Free Memory Screening

    When it comes to routine health screenings, resolve to include a memory assessment in 2022.

    The Alzheimer’s Foundation of America offers routine screenings that are both virtual and free every Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

    The process is quick, taking about 10 to 15 minutes. It includes a series of questions meant to gauge memory, language, thinking skills and other intellectual ...

    CT Lung Cancer Screening Saved His Life, and Could Do So for More

    Wolfgang Lehner always considered himself "a triple threat" when it came to cancer risk.

    One grandfather died of lung cancer in the 1970s. His other grandfather had his own bout with stomach cancer. And Lehner himself was a smoker.

    Although the New York City cinematographer quit smoking in 2010, at age 51, he never quit worrying about lung cancer.

    In 2017 his worst fear was r...

    Risk of Vision Trouble Rises in Children With Type 2 Diabetes

    A condition called "diabetic retinopathy" often threatens the vision of adults with diabetes, but new research suggests that kids with type 2 diabetes may be particularly vulnerable to the vision-robbing complication.

    In fact, these kids were nearly twice as likely to develop the condition as children with type 1 diabetes were, the researchers found.

    "The new findings emphasize the ...

    What's Behind Unexplained Epilepsy in Kids? A Gene Test May Tell

    Genetic testing can help guide management and treatment of unexplained epilepsy in children, new research suggests.

    "A genetic diagnosis impacted medical management for nearly three out of four children in our study," said study author Dr. Isabel Haviland. She's a postdoctoral research fellow in neurology/neurobiology at Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School.

    In the ...

    High Heart Rate Linked to Dementia Risk

    Checking older adults' resting heart rate could help identify those who are more likely to experience a decline in mental function, a Swedish study suggests.

    The researchers found that a high resting heart rate was associated with a greater risk of dementia.

    "We believe it would be valuable to explore if resting heart rate could identify patients with high dementia risk," said lead ...

    More Evidence That Pandemic Delayed Cancer Diagnoses

    New research offers fresh proof that the COVID-19 pandemic delayed cancer diagnoses in the United States, increasing patients' risk for poor outcomes.

    For the study, researchers analyzed data from more than 9 million patients at over 1,200 Veterans Affairs (VA) medical facilities.

    Procedures to diagnose cancer were used less often and there were fewer new cancer diagnoses in 2020 t...

    A Routine Skin Check Could Save Your Life

    It may sound dramatic, but skin checks save lives.

    While encouraging people to do routine self-exams, the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) shares some case studies that led to important discoveries.

    Richard Danzer, of West Palm Beach, Fla., found a large, painful cyst on his back during a skin self-exam. Dermatologist Dr. Brittany Smirnov examined him, and he was later diagnose...

    Brain's 'White Matter' Changes in People With Autism

    Teens and young adults with autism show marked differences in their brains' white matter compared to those without the disorder, a new study finds.

    "If you think of gray matter as the computer, white matter is like the cables," said study co-author Clara Weber, a postgraduate research fellow at Yale University School of Medicine.

    The changes are most apparent in the region involved ...

    President Biden to Undergo Routine Colonoscopy

    President Joe Biden is undergoing a routine colonoscopy Friday, and will briefly transfer power to Vice President Kamala Harris while he's sedated for the procedure, the White House said.

    The colonoscopy will be part of Biden's first routine physical exam as president, and will take place at Walter Reed National Military Center.

    "As was the case when President George W. Bush had the...

    Lung Cancer Survival Continues to Improve, But Not for All

    Lung cancer survival rates in the United States continue to rise, but certain racial groups are still hit hard by the disease, the American Lung Association reports.

    Its fourth annual "State of Lung Cancer" report shows that the average five-year survival rate increased from 14.5% to nearly 24%, but it remains at 20% for people of color overall, and 18% for Black Americans.

    "The rep...

    Child Nasal Swab Tests Conducted by Parent Yield Accurate Results: Study

    Parent-collected nasal swab samples from kids could be as good at detecting respiratory infections such as COVID-19 as those taken by nurses, but that's not the case with saliva samples, British researchers say.

    Respiratory infections such as colds and flu are among the most common illnesses in kids treated by primary care doctors. COVID-19 is also a respiratory infection.

    "Our...

    More Than 2 Million COVID Home Test Kits Recalled Due to False Positive Results

    A recall of Ellume at-home COVID-19 test kits has been expanded to include roughly 2 million of the 3.5 million tests that had been shipped to the United States by last month, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Tuesday.

    The original recall, involving 427,000 kits, was first announced in early October due to a "higher than acceptable" rate of false positives. It's a Class I recall ...

    50 Years On, Real Progress in War Against Cancer

    Since 1971, when the U.S. government made defeating cancer a goal and put major funding behind it, death rates for many cancers have plummeted, but some are increasing, according to a new American Cancer Society report.

    Death rates for all cancers combined have declined since passage of the National Cancer Act of 1971, according to the report. For example, in 2019, deaths from lung c...

    Black Men Less Likely to Get Follow-Up MRI When Test Suggests Prostate Cancer

    Black, Hispanic and Asian men in the United States are less likely than white men to receive a follow-up MRI after a screening suggests prostate cancer, a new study finds.

    "We can't say definitively if the reason Black, Hispanic, and Asian men did not receive this particular test is that physicians did not refer them for it, or if the patients opted themselves out of further testing," sai...

    Two New Symptoms That Could Point to Pancreatic Cancer

    Researchers have identified two previously unrecognized symptoms of pancreatic cancer -- a discovery that might help with earlier detection and improve extremely low survival numbers, they say.

    "When pancreatic cancer is diagnosed earlier, patients have a higher chance of survival. It is possible to diagnose patients when they visit their GP, but both patients and GPs need to be aware of ...

    Screening School Kids for Depression Boosts Diagnoses, Outcomes

    Schools could provide solutions for kids who are grappling with depression, a new study suggests.

    Students who have school-based depression screening are twice as likely to begin treatment as peers who don't get that service, researchers say.

    "Our study is publishing at a time when more adolescents are reporting symptoms of depression," said principal investigator Dr. Deepa Sekhar, ...

    Blood Test Looks at Patients' Whole Genome to Spot Rare Inherited Diseases

    Whole genome sequencing of blood samples improves detection of rare genetic conditions called mitochondrial disorders, British researchers report.

    These disorders are inherited and affect about 1 in 4,300 people, causing progressive, incurable diseases.

    Though they are among the most common inherited disorders, mitochondrial disorders are tough to diagnose because they can affect ma...

    Will an Early-Stage Breast Cancer Spread? New Analysis Offers Some Answers

    It's a life-and-death prediction: How likely is early-stage breast cancer to spread throughout the rest of a patient's body?

    A new analysis that tried to make that call easier for doctors to predict found that a younger age at diagnosis was a strong indicator of spreading ("metastatic") cancer.

    To come to that conclusion, the researchers analyzed data from tens of thousands of women...

    Have Diabetes? Here's How to Save Your Sight

    Managing your diabetes can be tough, but your eyes might thank you for it.

    Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that damages the retina's blood vessels, often resulting in vision loss and blindness. The condition occurs in more than half of people with diabetes.

    It affects nearly 8 million Americans and that number is expected to double by 2050, according to an Ameri...

    More Lung Cancer Patients Are Surviving, Thriving

    Mike Smith is beating the odds.

    Diagnosed with stage 4 lung cancer back in 2016, the 56-year-old South Carolina resident says there are a lot of reasons to be optimistic as the "narrative of lung cancer changes from being a horrific, terminal disease to a chronic disease and, ultimately, to a cure."

    Still, he remains clear-eyed about the challenges he faces.

    "I'm at war," he s...

    Why Are Cases of Pancreatic Cancer Rising in Young Women?

    In his work with patients who have pancreatic cancer, Dr. Srinivas Gaddam was bothered by something that he was seeing.

    "There are some patients that you can't stop thinking about because they've left a mark on you and you try your best to turn things around, but there's only so much you can do," said Gaddam, who said he had found himself caring for a few patients who were very young.

    Lyme Disease Often Spotted at Later Stage in Black Patients

    The tell-tale sign of Lyme disease is its bulls-eye rash, but that might be harder to spot in Black people, who are often diagnosed with more advanced disease than white people are, new research suggests.

    The first sign of Lyme disease looks different on darker skin, and these differences are not usually reflected in images found in medical textbooks, explained study author Dr. Dan Ly. He...