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16 Oct

Minority Patients Much More Likely to Die After Surgery, New Study Finds

Researchers say Black and Hispanic patients face a higher risk of death after surgery due to ongoing racial and ethnic disparities.

Health News Results - 420

Head Position May Be Key to Better Clot Removal After Stroke

The position in bed of stroke victims' heads could influence how well they'll fare in upcoming surgery to remove a blood clot from their brain, a new study finds.

Hospital beds for stroke patients are typically set up to keep the head elevated, researchers said.

But a flat head position prior to blood clot removal might lead to better outcomes, the results showed.

Patients dis...

'Whole Blood' Transfusions Might Save More Lives

Patients who are bleeding out have a better chance of surviving if they're given whole blood transfusions, a new study shows.

Traditionally, patients with significant bleeding are given transfusions of specific blood components -- red blood cells, plasma and platelets that have been separated out from whole blood.

But researchers found that early whole blood transfusions were associ...

Elon Musk Says First Human Has Received Neuralink Brain Implant

Elon Musk, co-founder of Neuralink, said this week that the company placed the first brain implant in a human over the weekend.

In a statement posted on X, the platform formerly known as Twitter that is now owned by Musk, the billionaire said the patient was “recovering well.” He added that...

Cost, Job Worries Have Many Americans Postponing Surgeries

Older adults frequently delay needed surgery because of financial concerns, a new study finds.

Nearly half of people ages 50 and older who were very concerned about the cost of surgery wound up not having an operation they had considered, researchers reported Jan. 30 in the journal JAMA Network Open.

Further, more than half who were very concerned about taking time off work...

King Charles, Princess of Wales Discharged From Hospital After Surgeries

Britain's King Charles III returned home on Monday after a planned prostate surgery, the same day his daughter-in-law Kate Middleton, the Princess of Wales, was also discharged following an undisclosed abdominal surgery.

Both had been treated at the London Clinic private hospital.

The King spent three nights there after surgery on Friday for an enlarged prostate, according to from ...

Tummy Tucks, Liposuctions Are Killing Americans Visiting Dominican Republic

Too many American tourists looking for cheap cosmetic surgeries alongside their beach time are winding up dead in the Dominican Republic, a new report finds.

Between 2009 and 2022, 93 people -- almost all young or middle-aged women -- have died after undergoing tummy tucks, liposuction or buttock enhancement procedures in that country's clinics, reports a team from the U.S. Centers for D...

King Charles to Undergo Common, Safe Prostate Surgery

Britain's King Charles III is expected undergo surgery next week to correct an enlarged prostate, and experts say these procedures are common in older men and safe.

The king, 75, has what's clinically known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

"An enlarged prostate means the gland has grown bigger. Prostate enlargement happens to almost all men as they get older," noted

  • Ernie Mundell HealthDay Reporter
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  • January 19, 2024
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  • Princess of Wales Undergoes Planned Abdominal Surgery

    Kate Middleton, the Princess of Wales, has undergone a planned abdominal surgery, Kensington Palace reported Wednesday.

    As reported by the BBC, the surgery was successful and the 42-year-old princess will remain in the hospital for between 10 and 14 days.

    No details were provided by the palace as to the reasons for the surgery.

    "Her Royal Highness The Princess of Wale...

    Cosmetic Procedure in Your Plans for '24? An Expert Offers Advice

    More than a few folks are considering a cosmetic skin procedure to enhance their looks heading into 2024.

    Botox, fillers and lasers are common means to sculpt a person's appearance, but dermatologists recommend a comprehensive approach under the care of a qualified specialist.

    “There is no one-size-fits-all or 'cookie cutter' approach to combat the signs of aging because aging loo...

    Rock On: He Played Guitar While Getting His Brain Tumor Removed

    Professional guitarist Christian Nolen took his stage show to an operating room last month, strumming out Deftones tunes for surgeons as they worked to remove a tumor from his brain.

    Nolen's performance wasn't just for entertainment -- his guitar playing helped guide the brain surgeons during the delicate operation.

    By playing the guitar during an “awake” portion of his two-hour...

    Despite Complications After Prostate Cancer Surgery, Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin Should Fully Recover

    U.S. Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin remains hospitalized while recovering from complications related to a December surgery to treat prostate cancer, the Pentagon announced Tuesday.

    His doctors at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center,

    Citrus Supplement Could Ease Swelling After Knee Replacement

    A diet supplement derived from citrus fruits reduced swelling and pain after knee replacement surgery, a new clinical trial found.

    The flavonoid supplement, diosmin, could offer a new approach to painful swelling after the procedure, according to a team led by Dr. Pengde Kang of Sichuan University in Chengdu, China.

    "...

    AI May Predict Survival After Heart Surgery

    A technology from the 19th century meets one from the 21st to better help doctors predict who'll survive a heart surgery.

    Cardiologists from three major U.S. hospitals gathered data from the electrocardiograms (ECGs, invented in 1895) of almost 46,000 patients. They then fed that data into a cutting-edge AI algorithm.

    AI was 83% correct in gauging which patients would still be aliv...

    You're Far Less Likely to Get an Opioid Now After Surgery

    In response to the ongoing crisis of opioid misuse, U.S. doctors had already cut the amount of opioids they gave patients after surgery by 2022 to just a third of the amount given in 2016, new research shows.

    Much of the decline happened before the pandemic, however, and the rate at which doctors are reducing the use of post-op opioids has slowed.

    The use of opioids during surgery r...

    Surgery Helps Kids With Drug-Resistant Epilepsy, But Race Could Hinder Access

    Black, Hispanic and low-income kids are less likely to receive surgery that can treat their drug-resistant epilepsy, a new study finds.

    Researchers discovered that children on anti-seizure drugs who received vagus nerve stimulation were 35% more likely to be alive after 10 years, and those who also had cranial surgery were 83% more likely to be alive.

    But White children were much mo...

    'High Altitude' Simulations Might Shield Patients Ahead of Surgery

    Surgery coming up? Mimicking the high-altitude breathing of mountaineers might make your procedure safer, a tiny study suggests.

    It's a form of what surgeons call "prehabilitation:" Making a patient's body a bit fitter beforehand to withstand the risks and rigors of surgery.

    Investigators found that exposing patients to reduced oxygen levels ("hypoxia") for a week spurred a rise in ...

    Want to Avoid Knee Replacement? Build Up Your Thighs

    Squats and lunges aren't the most fun exercises, but a new study says they'll help save your knees.

    Folks with strong quads building up their thighs appear to be less likely to require a total knee replacement, according to a presentation scheduled for Monday at a meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) in Chicago.

    Stronger muscles are generally associated with a...

    New Advances Mean Many Patients Go Home Same Day After Knee Replacement

    Robert Fleetwood, 73, needed joint replacements in both knees, both to relieve his arthritis pain and to continue competing in athletic activities.

    And thanks to medical advances, Fleetwood was able to go home the same he had each knee replaced, in procedures spaced several months apart.

    A knee replacement "changes your perspective on life. It makes you feel so much more alive and d...

    Man Maimed by Electric Shock Receives First-Ever Face Transplant That Includes New Eye

    An Arkansas man maimed by a massive electrical shock to his face has successfully received the world's first whole-eye and partial face transplant.

    In a 21-hour surgery performed in May, a NYU Langone Health surgical team transplanted an entire left eye and the portion of a face from a single donor onto Aaron James, a 46-year-old military veteran from Arkansas who survived a work-related,...

    Double-Lung Transplant, Breast Implants Save Life of Man Who Battled Vaping-Linked Illness

    “Davey” Bauer hovered on the precipice of death, his lungs damaged by vaping and congested by antibiotic-resistant pneumonia.

    Doctors saved his life with a jury-rigged artificial lung, a prompt double-lung transplant… and a set of DD breast implants.

    Doctors at Northwestern Medicine crafted an artificial lung to keep Bauer, 34, alive after removing lungs so heavily infected th...

    7,500 Daily Steps Before Surgery and Complication Risks Plummet

    Getting a certain number of steps each day can help people improve their fitness, but new research shows it also can pay off in the operating room.

    The odds of complications within 90 days after hospital discharge were reduced by half if a patient was getting more than 7,500 steps a day before their procedure, the study found.

    These postoperative complications typically occur after ...

    Looking for Reliable Info Online on Breast Cancer Surgery? It's Tough to Find

    If you're contemplating breast cancer surgery, searching online for information may not be the best way to learn about your treatment options.

    Why? Educational materials on breast cancer surgery often vary widely in quality of information and tone, and they are often written above the sixth-grade reading level, new research indicates. The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommen...

    Heart Patients From Poor Neighborhoods Less Likely to Get Cardiac Rehab

    Older adults who live in distressed or disadvantaged communities are less likely to attend cardiac rehabilitation after common heart procedures, new research shows.

    The study looked at Medicare beneficiaries' attendance at these medically supervised exercise and education programs after coronary revascularization between 2016 and 2018.

    Coronary revascularization includes procedures ...

    Extra Antibiotic With Hip, Knee Replacement Won't Prevent Infections: Study

    Millions of people undergo joint replacement surgery every year. To prevent infection, doctors often give them a second antibiotic -- but new research suggests this can backfire.

    Adding a second antibiotic at the time of hip and knee replacement surgery may actually increase infections, researchers in Australia found.

    “Given the number of joint replacements performed in Austr...

    Black Patients 42% More Likely to Die After High-Risk Surgery Than White Patients

    High-risk surgeries are more deadly for Black and Hispanic Americans than for their white counterparts, new research reveals.

    The study, of more than 1 million procedures performed in U.S. hospitals between 2000 and 2020, found that Black patients were 42% more likely than white patients to die within 30 days of surgery. That risk was 21% higher among Hispanic patients.

    Had those di...

    Treatment for Common Rotator Cuff Ailment May Be Useless

    Treating shoulder pain with steroid shots or removal of cartilage buildup yields the same result as no treatment at all, a Norwegian research team reports.

    They said their findings call into question treatment guidelines for calcific tendinopathy, a painful condition in the shoulder's rotator cuff tendons.

    Researchers said the common invasive procedure, known as ult...

    Most Who Get Heart Valve Replacement Don't Get Follow-Up Rehab

    A majority of people who have a minimally invasive heart valve replacement procedure are not getting the recommended cardiac rehab after their surgeries, researchers say.

    A new study finds that just under 31% of patients who have transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are receiving this service within 90 days of the procedure.

    This could be explained by TAVR patients being ...

    Shorter Course of Radiation May Be Safe for Women Undergoing Breast Reconstruction

    Breast cancer patients who undergo a mastectomy can probably benefit from a shorter course of more intense radiation therapy, a new study indicates.

    Hypofractionated radiation therapy -- which provides a higher dose each session over three weeks -- provides the same protection against breast cancer recurrence and post-surgical complications as a standard course of lower-dose radiation ove...

    Surgeons Seeing More 'Mutilating' Hand Injuries With New Utility Terrain Vehicles

    A popular type of off-road vehicle known as a “side-by-side” has been linked to high rates of severe hand injuries, according to a new study.

    Side-by-sides are utility terrain vehicles (UTVs) designed to carry more than one passenger and heavy loads. All-terrain vehicles (ATVs) are usually made for one driver going off-road.

    "

  • Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter
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  • October 3, 2023
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  • Surgeons Perform Transplant of Gene-Tweaked Pig Heart Into Second Patient

    A second human patient has received a genetically altered pig heart as he battles the ravages of end-stage heart disease.

    The 58-year-old man, Lawrence Faucette, received the pig organ at the University of Maryland Medical Center in Baltimore.

    The medical team was the same one that performed the first pig transplant with another patient in January 2022.

    “We are once again o...

    Surgery Soon? Use These 3 Tips to Manage Post-Surgical Pain

    When someone has surgery, pain may be top of mind.

    An expert in managing post-op pain offers three tips for keeping it under control, safely.

    “Pain can inhibit recovery, but good pain control can be an accelerator of a patient's recovery,” said Dr. Jonah Stulberg, a member of...

    More American Men Now Opting for Vasectomy

    Vasectomies are becoming more common in the United States, with rates surging by more than one-quarter during the past decade, a recent study reveals.

    The U.S. vasectomy rate increased by 26% between 2014 and 2021, according to an analysis of commercial health claims data.

    “All areas in the United States except the Northeast showed increased vasectomy rates,” said senior researc...

    Female Surgeons Bring Better Outcomes for Patients, Two Studies Show

    The field of surgery has long been dominated by men, and still is today.

    But two new studies show that if patients want safe, effective long-term results, picking a female surgeon might be key.

    In one study involving more than 1 million Canadian surgical patients whose outcomes were followed for a year, “those treated by a female surgeon were less likely to experience death, hospi...

    Should Folks Get Hip Replacements in Their 90s?

    If you are in your 90s, is hip replacement surgery too dangerous for you?

    That depends, new research shows: While elderly patients have more complications and higher death rates after such a procedure, the surgery can be “appropriately considered."

    That's because the risks for total hip replacement depend not just on patients' age, but also on their overall health and fitness.

    Opening All Arteries Best When Heart Attack Strikes in Old Age: Study

    After a heart attack, elderly adults have better odds for improved health and survival if all major heart vessels are cleared, not just the one that caused the heart attack.

    Because these patients often have other medical conditions and may be frail, doctors frequently opt to open only the "culprit" blood vessel and leave other partially blocked vessels alone.

    But new research...

    U.S. Gender-Affirming Surgeries Nearly Tripled in 3 Years

    The number of Americans undergoing gender-affirming surgery is on the rise, new research reveals, almost tripling between 2016 and 2019 alone.

    During that period, more than 48,000 patients -- about half of them between 19 and 30 years of age -- underwent some form of gender-affirming (GAS) surgery, researchers found.

    About 4,500 of those procedures were performed in 2016. By 2019, t...

    Skipping Radiation May Be Safe for Some With Early Breast Cancer

    Many women with early breast cancer undergo breast-conserving surgery along with radiation to kill any errant cancer cells, but some may be able to safely skip radiation, new research suggests.

    “If the tumors are low-risk, as defined in part by being caught early/small and in part by having favorable molecular features, the risk of recurrence is minimal even if you skip out on what has ...

    Study Finds Good Long-Term Outcomes for Appendicitis Treated Without Surgery

    Most people with appendicitis who are given antibiotics — instead of having their appendix removed — fare well over the long haul, new research indicates.

    The conclusion follows roughly two decades spent tracking patient outcomes in Sweden.

    The study found that among those initially treated solely with antibiotics, rather than surgery, less than half ended up experiencing anothe...

    Surgeons Are Finding Microplastics in Human Hearts

    Microplastics appear to be everywhere, including within the tissues of the human heart.

    A new Chinese report describes doctors finding microplastics in heart tissue both before and after heart surgery. The researchers also noted there is evidence suggesting that microplastics may have been unexpectedly introduced during the heart procedures.

    The researchers, who included

  • Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter
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  • August 10, 2023
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  • Few Regret Undergoing Gender-Affirming Mastectomies

    For people who are transmasculine or nonbinary, getting a gender-affirming mastectomy can be life-changing.

    Now, a new study finds there are high levels of satisfaction and low levels of regret for patients years after the procedure is performed.

    Researchers from the University of Michigan found an overwhelmingly positive response after the surgery. The median satisfaction score wa...

    'Walking Miracles': Born With Lungs Reversed, They Suffered Until Getting Double-Organ Transplants

    Dennis Deer woke from surgery in utter disbelief that he was breathing normally.

    He'd been on supplemental oxygen for two years, and “I didn't know what it was like not to have something on my face,” said Deer, 51, a Chicago-area politician and psychologist.

    “I immediately said, 'Where is my oxygen?' And my wife said to me, ‘Well, you don't need the oxygen anymore,'" Deer re...

    Spotting Heart Defects While Baby Still in Womb Is Crucial, Study Shows

    Diagnosis of congenital heart defects while a baby is still in the womb offers opportunities for earlier corrective surgery. And that can mean better outcomes for an infant's neurodevelopmental and physical health, new research shows.

    “For infants with critical disease especially, getting surge...

    Surgery May Help Advanced Cancer Patients With Obstructed Bowel

    Malignant bowel blockages are common in patients who have advanced abdominal tumors, especially cancers of the ovaries or colon, and a new clinical trial suggests surgery should be offered to them sooner rather than later.

    “We knew enrolling patients in the hospital with this acute issue and advanced cancer would be difficult, but the questions are of great importance to clinicians, pat...

    Hip Replacements No Riskier for Folks Living With HIV

    Hip replacement surgery is safe for HIV patients, a new study shows.

    Some surgeons are reluctant to perform total hip replacement surgery on patients with HIV or AIDS, because of concerns about complications, including higher risk of infection, need for repeated surgery and longer hospital stay.

    "Patients living with HIV are at a higher risk for orthopedic-related diseases such as o...

    Could Metformin Help Seniors Bounce Back After Surgery?

    The diabetes drug metformin might also benefit older patients after an injury or illness, a small study suggests.

    Researchers found that metformin -- a drug that has been around for more than a half-century to regulate blood sugar -- may have a different ability: It can target senescent cells that affect muscle function. These "zombie-like" cells release chemicals linked with inflammation...

    AI Tool 'Reads' Brain Tumors During Surgery to Help Guide Decisions

    Scientists have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) tool capable of deciphering a brain tumor's genetic code in real time, during surgery — an advance they say could speed diagnosis and personalize patients' treatment.

    The researchers trained the AI tool to recognize the different genetic features of gliomas, a group of tumors that constitute the most common form of brain cancer a...

    Strong Marijuana Habit Could Raise Odds for Complications During Surgery

    Using marijuana regularly might increase the risk for complications during and after surgery, and doctors should address this when planning operations, a new study suggests.

    People with a cannabis use disorder are 20% more likely to have serious complications, such as stroke or blood clots, after a major operation than patients who aren't dependent on marijuana, researchers say.

    "...

    Frailty Greatly Lowers Survival in a Surgical Crisis

    When frail patients go into cardiac arrest and need cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) during surgery, they're more likely to die than those who are stronger, a new study shows.

    Researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston studied the impact of frailty on survival in these cases where previously frailty was not considered as a factor.

    “CPR should not be considered fut...

    Taking Ozempic, Wegovy? Stop Before Surgery, Anesthesiologists Say

    The trendy weight-loss drug Ozempic could be dangerous for a patient undergoing anesthesia for an operation, according to a new warning from the American Society of Anesthesiologists.

    Semaglutide (Ozempic, Wegovy) and other drugs of their class known as GLP-1 receptor agonists cause digestion to slow down, which decreases hunger and reduces how much people eat.

    That food left in the...

    Sarah Ferguson Reveals Breast Cancer Diagnosis, Mastectomy

    Sarah Ferguson has undergone treatment for breast cancer, she announced on her podcast.

    The Duchess of York, 63, had a mastectomy after the diagnosis and the surgery was successful, her rep confirmed Sunday, People magazine reported.

    "The Duchess is receiving the best medical care and her doctors have told her that the prognosis is good. She is now recuperating with her f...

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