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Babies Might Trigger Brain Changes in New Dads

When men become parents, a lot changes in their lives -- less sleep and more time devoted to taking care of their children come to mind -- but new research now suggests that distinct changes also unfold in a new father's brain.

Researchers scanned the brains of new fathers to discover and study those changes after suspecting this would be the case and seeing evidence from animal studies t...

FDA Approves New ALS Drug Despite Uncertain Data

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Thursday gave its approval to a new drug for ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.

But appro...

New Alzheimer's Drug Shows Promise in Phase 3 Clinical Trial

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 28, 2022 (HealthDay) -- Japanese drugmaker Eisai on Wednesday said its experimental drug lecanemab helped slow thinking declines among people in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease.

The findings from a phase 3 clinical trial have yet to be peer-reviewed in any medical journal. But accor...

In Boxers and MMA Fighters, Brain May Make Some Recovery After Retirement

Professional fighters take a lot of knocks to the head, but a new study suggests they may find themselves thinking more clearly again after they retire.

Many studies have pointed to the perils of repeated blows to the head in sports like boxing and football.

  • Amy Norton HealthDay Reporter
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  • September 15, 2022
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  • In Rare Cases, Monkeypox Can Trigger Dangerous Brain Inflammation

    Though the risk appears small, a new review suggests that, in rare instances, monkeypox may trigger serious neurological complications, including seizures and brain inflammation.

    The finding is based on a look at 19 studies conducted in the United States, the United Kingdom and across Africa.

    A...

    Research Reveals Cause of 'Freezing' Gait in Parkinson's

    Researchers think they've figured out why Parkinson's disease causes a person's limbs to become so stiff that at times they can feel frozen in place.

    Using a robotic chair equipped with sensors, a research team has linked the activation of leg muscles in Parkinson's patients with a region of the brain called the

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • September 12, 2022
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  • In Rare Move, FDA Panel Gives Support to Controversial ALS Drug in 2nd Review

    In a rare second review, a U.S. Food and Drug Administration panel on Wednesday recommended approval for an experimental drug for ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis).

    The FDA is not obligated t...

    Blood Test Shows Promise for Quick Diagnosis of ALS

    Patients suspected of having amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) may soon be able to get a diagnosis much more quickly, not wasting the precious time many have left, new research suggests.

    In 20...

    FDA Panel Skeptical of Controversial ALS Drug Ahead of Vote

    A U.S. Food and Drug Administration panel will once again consider approval for an experimental drug for ALS, a rare second review for a disease that has no cure.

    The same panel that will meet ...

    In Small Study, Hormone Boosts Thinking Skills in Men With Down Syndrome

    Men with Down syndrome may think and remember better when treated with a brain hormone normally associated with fertility, a new small-scale study suggests.

    Rhythmic drip doses of

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • September 1, 2022
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  • How 'This Is Us' Put Alzheimer's Care in the Spotlight

    When the wildly popular TV show “This Is Us” wrapped up its final season this year, it did so with a storyline that showed one of the lead characters dealing with Alzheimer's disease as her adult children disagreed over the type of care she should receive.

    Now, a new online survey of more than 700...

    Widely Used Steroid Meds Could Alter the Brain

    Long-term steroid use can reshape the structure of the brain, causing some parts to shrink and others to grow, a major new study reports.

    People taking steroids -- even inhaled steroids -- appear to have less intact white matter structure in their brains compared with those not taking the drugs, brain scans reveal. White matter serves as the communication link between different regions of...

    Tight Blood Sugar Control Boosts Brain Power of Teens With Type 1 Diabetes: Study

    When teenagers with type 1 diabetes get better control of their blood sugar, their brains may benefit, a new clinical trial shows.

    Researchers found that when teenagers started treatment with a newer technology — often dubbed "artificial pancreas" systems ...

    Brain Study Shows How Fentanyl Kills

    Fentanyl, the synthetic opioid that's driving a surge in drug overdose deaths, kills by stopping breathing even before someone loses consciousness, a new study reveals.

    To come to that conclusion, researchers ran

    Deep Brain Stimulation Shows Promise Against Binge Eating Disorder

    Electrically stimulating the brain's "reward" circuity may hold promise as a treatment for binge eating disorder, a small pilot study suggests.

    The findings are based on just two patients who received deep brain stimulation (DBS) -- a technique used for ...

    School Sports Are Starting Again: Know the Signs of Concussion

    As high school sports get underway this fall, sports medicine specialists remind athletes, parents and coaches that concussions can be challenging to diagnose.

    Dr. Sean Bradley, a primary care sports medicine physician at Ochsn...

    Hate Listening to People Chewing? You Might Have Misophonia

    Most people have cherished memories of their grandparents reading to them as children.

    Ekaterina Pesheva's memories are quite different.

    "I remember distinctly being very irritated and very angry listening to my grandmother reading children's books to me, like fairy tales," said Pesheva, 48, who lives in Boston. "I would become aware of her mouth getting dry, and that, for whatever ...

    Too Much TV Time May Really Harm Your Brain

    Older adults who get a lot of "screen time" may have an increased risk of developing dementia — but a lot depends on what type of screen they use, a new study suggests.

    Researchers found that among older British adults, those w...

    In Trial, Brain Zaps Gave Seniors a Month-Long Memory Boost

    If you're a senior who struggles to remember where you put your car keys, could noninvasive brain stimulation boost your memory?

    Yes, clai...

    Why Coffee & Cigarette Is a Morning Ritual for Millions

    Smokers in the throes of nicotine withdrawal when they wake up in the morning may crave not just a cigarette but a cup of coffee along with it.

    Science can explain that.

    Researchers have identified two compounds in coffee that directly affect certain nicotine receptors in...

    Lead Poisoning Plus Systemic Racism Are Harming Black Kids' Test Scores

    It's well known that exposure to lead can harm young children's brain development. Now a new study suggests that racial segregation may be compounding the detrimental effects of lead on Black children.

    The study, of close to 26,000 schoolchildren, found that Black children with elevated blood lead levels had wo...

    Your Brain Gets Tired, and Scientists Now Know Why

    Preparing your taxes is a purely mental activity, but one that leaves many exhausted by the end of the effort.

    The same goes for reading a dense report, picking apart reams of spreadsheet data, or writing a fact-laden paper.

    That feeling of

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • August 12, 2022
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  • Everyday Activities That Can Cut Your Odds for Dementia

    Reading, doing yoga and spending time with family and friends might help lower your risk of dementia, a new study suggests.

    "Previous studies have shown that leisure activities were associated with various health benefits, such as a lower cancer risk, a reduction of

  • By Steven Reinberg HealthDay Reporter
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  • August 12, 2022
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  • COVID May Be Tied to Rise in Brain Infections in Children

    COVID-19 may be linked to a rise in bacterial brain infections in children, a new study suggests.

    When the pandemic hit, doctors at Helen DeVos Children's Hospital of Spectrum Health in Grand Rapids, Mich., saw a worrisome 236% rise in these infections and wondered why.

    Although rare, these infections can be mild, needing only antibiotics to clear, or severe, requiring surgery and t...

    Too Little Sleep May Harm Young Kids' Brains

    For peak performance, school-age children need more than a healthy diet and exercise. They also need plenty of sleep.

    A new study finds that elementary school kids who get less than nine hours of sleep each night show significant differences in some brain regions responsible for memory, intelligence and well-being compared to those who get the advised nine to 12 hours' sleep.

    “We ...

    Experiences of Racism Tied to Worsening Memory, Thinking in Older Black Americans

    Black and Hispanic Americans are more likely than others to be diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, and new research suggests that racism is a contributor.

    Experiences of structural, interpersonal and institutional

    Kids With ADHD Have Differences in 'Neural Flexibility,' Brain Study Shows

    Children with ADHD may have less flexibility in the brain circuitry that allows for seamless "multitasking," a new study suggests.

    Research has shown that kids with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder often have more difficulty with so-called cognitive flexibility than their peers wi...

    Rapid Loss of Smell May Be Alzheimer's Precursor

    Could the future of dementia screening include a test of a person's sense of smell?

    It may, suggests a new study that found the decline in a person's sense of smell could predict their loss of mental function and warn of structural changes in the brain that are important in Alzheimer's d...

    Even Chores, Socializing Might Lower Your Odds for Dementia

    Your daily walk, cleaning the house and lunch with friends could together be keys to staving off dementia, according to researchers.

    A new study looked at lifestyle habits that could help lower risks, instead of factors that may contribute to the disease.

    Researchers in China combed t...

    Diets Heavy in 'Ultra-Processed' Foods Could Harm the Brain

    Eating lots of ultra-processed foods may dramatically increase your risk for dementia, according to a new study by researchers in China.

    Ultra-processed foods are high in sugar, fat and salt, but low in protein and fiber. Sodas, salty and sugary snacks and desserts, ice cream, sausage, deep-fried chicken, flavored yogurt, ketchup, mayonnaise, packaged bread and flavored cereals are all ex...

    8/9 -- Study Casts Doubt on 'Chemical Imbalance' Theory of Depression

    The notion that depression is caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain has become widespread among the general public.

    But there's actually no hard evidence that the brain chemical

  • Robin Foster HealthDay Reporter
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  • July 27, 2022
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  • Exercise, Puzzles, Games: They Help Men's, Women's Brains Differently

    Exercising your body and mind can help stave off memory problems as you age, and some of these benefits may be even greater for women, a new study suggests.

    The study looked at cognitive reserve, or the brain's ability to withstand the effects of diseases like Alzheimer's without showing a decline i...

    Dogs' Keen Sense of Smell May Help Them 'See'

    While humans typically use their sight to orient themselves, dogs navigate the world by combining their sense of smell with their vision.

    So claims a new study that found dogs' sense of smell is integrated with their vision and other unique parts of their brain.

    "We've never seen this connection between the nose and the

  • By Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter
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  • July 21, 2022
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  • Special Brain Scans May Diagnose Early Parkinson's

    It may not be long before highly sensitive scans might spot Parkinson's disease in its early stages, researchers report.

    A disease of the brain that is characterized by shaking hands, Parkinson's is a condition that wor...

    Even a Drink a Day Might Raise Brain Risks

    Even moderate drinking may be related to higher iron levels in the brain - a potentially risky situation for memory and thinking skills, a new study suggests.

    Researchers found that among nearly 21,000 middle-aged and older adults, those who drank as little as a few beers a week sh...

    Mindfulness Can Help Ease Pain, and Scientists Think They Know How

    For thousands of years, people have used meditation to help diminish their pain -- but how the process works has always seemed rather mysterious.

    Today, advanced brain scan technology has revealed how this ancient practice alters brain function and provides pain relief to its practiti...

    Thyroid Trouble May Raise Dementia Risks

    Millions of older adults try to manage an underactive thyroid gland with daily medication, but a new study suggests they may still be vulnerable to developing dementia as they age.

    Researchers found that among over 15,000 older Taiwanese ad...

    Post-Stroke Memory Loss Can Resolve for Some Patients

    Memory loss is a common symptom after a stroke, but there's hope for some that those memories could return.

    A new study from Norway examined 86 patients with relatively mild strokes and found many had improved mental functioning after 12 weeks.

    "Our study shows that around half of patients suffering a stroke had various forms of memory impairment one week after the stroke. But by t...

    Brad Pitt Believes He Has Rare 'Face Blindness' Disorder -- What Is It?

    Award-winning actor Brad Pitt believes he suffers from a rare condition that interferes with his ability to recognize people's faces.

    In a new interview with GQ magazine, Pitt said that he thinks he has prosopagnosia, an extremely rare neurological condition that makes it difficult to tell f...

    Feeling 'Hangry'? It's Natural, New Study Finds

    The concept of "hangry" helps sell candy bars, and it's a convenient excuse to snap at someone when you're in a foul mood.

    But is hangry -- being angry when you're hungry -- a real thing? Do people really become more irritable when they want food?

    "My wife sometimes used to tell me, 'you're being hangry.' And I kind of always thought that's not a real thing -- it's not a real psycho...

    Could ADHD Meds Help Treat Alzheimer's?

    Could ADHD drugs also treat degenerative brain disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease?

    British researchers say there is good evidence that some medications used for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - known as noradrenergic drugs - might also help treat key aspects of Alzheimer's.

    "...

    Teens Have Triple the Odds of Misusing Marijuana Compared to Adults

    In yet another report that illustrates the dangers pot poses to the young, developing brain, a new British study finds teenagers are much more likely than adults to develop an addiction to marijuana.

    "We found that teenagers are three and a half times more likely to have severe cannabis use disorder, whi...

    Research Spots Gene That Raises Alzheimer's Risk for Women

    Researchers studying genes involved in Alzheimer's disease have identified a new gene, called MGMT, that increases risk for this common dementia in women.

    "This is one of a few and perhaps the strongest associations of a genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's that is spec...

    Brain Changes Link Menopause With Higher Alzheimer's Risk

    Women are more likely to develop Alzheimer's disease than men, and a new study shows that certain brain changes known to increase this risk may accrue during menopause.

    Women who have gone through menopause have more white matter hyperintensities in their brains than premenopausal women or men of the same age, res...

    First Major League Soccer Player Is Diagnosed With CTE

    When former professional Major League Soccer (MLS) player Scott Vermillion died at age 44, he had stage 2 CTE, his family announced Tuesday.

    He is the first former MLS player diagnosed with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Vermillion died from an accidental overdose in December 2020.

    "Th...

    Could Getting Your Flu Shot Help Prevent Alzheimer's?

    A yearly flu shot may do more than protect you from a nasty bout of influenza: New research suggests it may help guard against Alzheimer's disease as well.

    People who were vaccinated at least once over four years were 40% less likely to develop

    Inhaled Pollutants Go Directly From Lungs to Brain: Study

    Breathing in air pollution can lead to toxic particles entering the brain -- and not just through the nose. New research suggests they have a direct pathway through the bloodstream, potentially contributing to brain disorders and neurological damage.

    "There are gaps in our knowledge around the harmful...

    Neuro Symptoms of Long COVID May Persist for Months

    Many COVID-19 long-haulers still have neurological symptoms such as headaches, fatigue and memory problems six months later, new research shows.

    The findings are the first from an ongoing study of long-haulers by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.

  • By Robert Preidt HealthDay Reporter
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  • June 20, 2022
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  • Squeaky or Furry: New Insights Into Dogs' Love of Toys

    What goes through your dog's mind when you tell him to find his favorite toy?

    Hungarian researchers say Fido relies on a mental image based on sensory features. Dogs call to mind the way that toy looks, feels and smells.

    The finding - from the Family Dog Project at Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest - was recently published online in the journal

  • By Robert Preidt HealthDay Reporter
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  • June 20, 2022
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  • Salsa Is Smart: Latin Dance May Boost Your Aging Brain

    Latin dance classes may be a great workout and social outlet, but new research suggests that learning the intricate steps of the salsa, samba and merengue may also improve your memory.

    In the study, a Latin dance program was offered to more than 300 Spanish speakers over four years at 12 different sites in Chic...

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